Dr. P. J. Hoedemaker (1839–1910) was a Dutch Reformed pastor and theologian who championed the right of the public church and the “state with the Bible.” He developed his thought both in tandem with and in opposition to Dr. Abraham Kuyper, who led an exodus from the national church and championed the right of the liberal state. Hoedemaker continues to be a relevant figure, especially in this post-modern, post-liberal age.